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Martha  Unknown (Theil) 



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Martha Unknown (Theil)
1869 - 1969
Martha Unknown (Theil) was born about 1869 in an unknown place overseas in Germany and died in an unknown year in an unknown place. Dates for birth and death are estimated.

Census6/5/1900 Detroit MI (Wayne County) 31 yrs old 
Household number 113 and Dwelling number 146. Charles Yerger (age 42, Oct 1857 listed as Head) Mary Yerger (age 37, Mar 1863), Charles Yerger (age 16, Dec 1883, Annie Yerger (age 15, Nov 1884), Helena Yerger (age 11, Apr 1889), William Yerger (age 10, May 1890), Arthur Yerger (age 8, May 1892). The report states that Charles and Mary have been married 11 years and she has had 2 children and both are alive. These two families are listed together, it lists Charles as head and Rudolph as son. Rudolph Thiel (age 33, Jun 1866), Martha Thiel (age 31, Feb 1869), Walter Thiel (9, Jul 1890), Alfred Thiel (7, Apr 1893), Paul Thiel (5, Mar 1895), and Arthur Thiel (2, Jun 1898). The report states that Rudolph and Martha have been married for 11 years, and that Martha has had 5 children and 4 are surviving. Rudolph, Martha and their oldest Walter were born in Germany, the three youngest were born in Michigan. Rudolph, Martha, and Walter moved to the US in 1892, they have been in the US for 8 years. Rudolph is working as a Carpenter, and Walter is listed as attending school. The Family can all read and write English. They are listed as renting the house they are living in.  
Census4/23/1910 Detroit MI (Wyane County) 41 yrs old 
Recorded as dwelling #595: Rudolph Theil (age 44), Martha (41), Walter (19), Alfred (16), Paul (15), Arthur (12), Elsie (9), and Rudolph Thiel Jr. (8). Martha has given birth to 7 children and 6 are still living. Rudolph, Martha and their oldest son were born in Germany. The 16 year old and younger were born in Michigan. Rudolph and Martha's parents were also born in Germany. Rudolph is working as a cabinet maker; Walter is working as tinsmiths in a shipyard; Alfred is working as an apprentice lithographer; and Paul is working as an apprentice ????? [print is too blurry to read]. The family speaks English, the children have been attending school and only the younger children can read and write.  

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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during Martha Unknown (Theil)'s life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of Martha, her family, and friends. For example, Martha is 6 years old when Tennessee enacts Jim Crow law.
8 1877 Edison invents the phonograph permitting music and voices to be recorded and replayed.
10 1879 Edison invents the electric light bulb.
20 1889 The first calculating machine is invented and uses punch cards
26 1895 Wireless telegraph and the "antenna" are invented but it covers a very short distance.
28 1897 First ship to shore message is sent using an improved form of wireless telegraph
31 1900 The cause of yellow fever is discovered. It is proven that the fever is spread by mosquitoes. This rallies an effort to provide better mosquito control.
31 1900 Freud publishes his book "The Interpretation of Dreams"
32 1901 First transatlantic wireless telegraph is sent.
33 1902 The first Tyrannosaurus Rex fossil is discovered.
34 1903 Wright Brothers complete the first successful flight with an airplane at Kitty Hawk
35 1904 The first vacuum tube diode is invented by Fleming
37 1906 The triode vacuum tube is invented
37 1906 Kellogg sells the first box of Corn Flakes
37 1906 Electrons are discovered by Thomson
43 1912 The unsinkable Titanic sinks on its first trip to New York drowning 1,513 people.
44 1913 Ford builds the first assembly line into his automobile production plant
45 1914 The first traffic lights (which is only red or green) are put up in America; Construction of the Panama Canal is completed
54 1923 Diphtheria vaccine is developed; Insulin is produced to treat diabetes
54 1923 Freud publishes "The Ego and the Id"
55 1924 Insecticides are used for the first time on crops
57 1926 Goddard launched the first liquid-fueled rocket
58 1927 The first television transmission was announced in England
59 1928 Big bang theory was introduced
67 1936 The first regular television broadcast happens in England
69 1938 Hahn, Strassmann, Meitner and Frisch discover nuclear fission
77 1946 The university of Pennsylvania develops the ENIAC computer, containing 18,000 vacuum tubes
78 1947 Researches at Bell Labs invent the first transistor
82 1951 The first color television is introduced in the U.S.
83 1952 The first sex-change surgery was performed to change George Jorgensen into Christine Jorgensen.
88 1957 Sputnik is launched by the Soviets and becomes the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth. It marks the beginning of the great "space race" between the Soviet Union and the U.S.
91 1960 The ruby laser was created by Maiman
93 1962 U.S. astronaut, John Glenn, orbits the earth
96 1965 The first "space walk" was completed by the Soviet Union
13 1882 NEWS HEADLINES: Edison creates the first large power station in New York City, making it the first place in America to have electricity.
16 1885 NEWS HEADLINES: Eastman invents the box camera. For the first time photography becomes affordable for the average citizen.
39 1908 NEWS HEADLINES: Henry Ford produces the first Model T automobile
43 1912 White residents of Forsyth County, GA, drive the black population out.
44 1913 NEWS HEADLINES: Edison invents motion pictures
48 1917 NEWS HEADLINES: In June, the United States enters World War I on the side of the allies. The Russian Revolution ends the reign of the czars and thrusts Russia into communism.
50 1919 NEWS HEADLINES: World War I ends with the signing of The Versailles Treaty.
69 1938 NEWS HEADLINES: Orson Wells' radio production of H.G. Well's War of the Worlds causes a national panic.
70 1939 NEWS HEADLINES: The first regular television broadcast happens in the United States
72 1941 NEWS HEADLINES: December 7, 1941 -- Japan launches a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor and the US officially declares war on Japan the following day. World War II begins for American soldiers.
81 1950 NEWS HEADLINES: On June 25, the Korean War begins and the United Nations officially declaring war on North Korea two days later.
86 1955 NEWS HEADLINES: Rosa Parks refuses to give her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, AL.
91 1960 NEWS HEADLINES: The first birth control pill was approved and made available to the public
94 1963 NEWS HEADLINES: On November 22, President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas by Lee Harvey Oswald.
100 1969 NEWS HEADLINES: In July, the U.S. becomes the first nation to land astronauts on the moon. Neil Armstrong becomes the first man to step on the lunar surface.
6 1875 Tennessee enacts Jim Crow law.
7 1876 The National League of Baseball is founded
40 1909 The National Association for Advancement of Colored People is formed (NAACP)
41 1910 Boy Scout and Girl Scout Organizations are introduced in America and the concept of a "week end" meaning time off from regular work begins to take root. The British Empire covers 1/5th of the world land area.
58 1927 Charles Lindbergh becomes the first man to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean and Babe Ruth hits 60 home runs.
60 1929 Widespread prosperity of the 1920s ends abruptly with the stock market crash in October
61 1930 Drought in the Great Plains area begins, creating hardship for farm families in 19 states.
63 1932 Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. The infant son of Charles Lindbergh is kidnapped and murdered.
64 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected president under his "New Deal" campaign. Frances Perkins becomes the first woman to hold a cabinet post when FDR appoints her secretary of labor. On December 5, the 21st Amendment is added to the Constitution, repealing Prohibition. Drinks for everyone!
65 1934 Congress passes the Indian Reorganization Act which allows remaining Indian tribes to reorganize.
65 1934 Farm families must leave the dust bowl-stricken Great Plains areas. The dust bowl includes areas in Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Nevada and Arkansas. Radio picks up the "Okie" songs. In all, 400,000 people leave the Great Plains.
66 1935 Congress passes the Social Security Act, giving elder Americans Social Security money for the first time.
70 1939 Hollywood releases The Wizard of Oz, one of the first films to be made in color.
74 1943 Japanese Americans are relocated to internment camps; Almost 400,000 coal miners go on strike; Race riots break out in Los Angeles and Detroit.
75 1944 On June 6, Allied forces invade Normandy (referred to as "D-Day")
76 1945 President Roosevelt dies; The United Nations is established; the first atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima.
85 1954 The nationally televised McCarthy hearings lead to Senator Joseph McCarthy's downfall; Segregation by race in schools is declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court; Congress adds the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance and requires "In God We Trust" to appear on all American currency.
93 1962 The Cuban missile crisis escalates and Americans prepare for a Nuclear War with Fidel Castro in Cuba.
97 1966 The Black Panther party is founded.
98 1967 Martin Luther King leads an anti Vietnam protest in New York; The American Indian Movement is founded; Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King are assassinated; Three Apollo astronauts are killed in a fire on the launch pad.
40 1909 The "Piltdown Man" hoax -- a fake archeological discovery announced by dishonest scientists who wanted to "prove" that human beings had evolved in Europe
45 1914 World War I - Following the crisis touched off by the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo, Germany declared war on Russia and additional countries joined the war within several days.
48 1917 Germany uses airplanes to drop bombs in the early stages of World War I -- the first major military use of airplanes.
50 1919 The Versailles Treaty marks the official end of World War I.
51 1920 Adolph Hitler begins to organize the Nazi party in Germany; The Ku Klux Klan launches a recruitment campaign using mass marketing techniques to gain 85,000 new recruits; the first commercial broadcast is made.
69 1938 Hitler annexes Anschluss into Germany. At the Munich Conference, Germany is given a portion of Czechoslovakia.
70 1939 Hitler takes over all of Czechoslovakia. On Sept. 1st, Germany invades Poland. On Sept. 3rd, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany. World War II has begun.
76 1945 World War II ends with a Japanese delegation signing instrument of surrender aboard battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay.

Rudolph Thiel
Born about 1866 and died about 1966
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The Children of Martha Unknown (Theil)

Alfred Robert Thiel
Born in Detroit, Michigan on April 24, 1893 and died in Mount Clemens, Michigan on February 6, 1983. He was 89 years old.

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