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Genealogy for
Jefferson Benjamin Armstrong 



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Jefferson Benjamin Armstrong
6/6/1846 - 1/14/1911
Jefferson Benjamin Armstrong was born on June 6, 1846 in Butler County, Alabama and died on January 14, 1911 in Calhoun County, Florida. He lived to be 64 years old.

On July 24, 1866 he married Margaret Lee Nall (1/19/1846 -3/12/1900).
Willie James (1867-1963)
Mary Susan(1869)
Cornelia (1872)
Ida Ramoth(1873 -1956)
Catherine Vic (1875)
Lula Green "Jennie"(1876)
Sarah Ann (1879)
Nora Ethel (1880-1898)
Maggie Dorthula(1882-1892)
Charles J. (1887-1930)

On March 3, 1900 Jefferson married Mary Ann Dennis Richards(1862-1927)
They had one son, Jefferson B. (12/23/1901 -4/28/1991)-married Dora Oliver
Census12/14/1850 Township 11 AL (Butler County) 4 yrs old 
page 243, # 9 - William Armstrong (age 31), Mary (27), Elizabeth (10), Mary (8)Francis (7), Joseph (6), James (5), John(2). All were born in AL. William is a blacksmith.

next door: #10 Madison Armstrong (70 GA), Elizabeth (70 GA) , John (10 AL).
John W. Armstrong (age 37), Mary (32), James (11), Mary (2), John (1) all born in AL.  
Census9/13/1860 Southern Division AL (Lowndes County) 14 yrs old 
Jas Nosworthy (age 27), #681 -Elizabeth Nosworthy (20), N. E. Nosworthy (3), S. V. Nosworthy (1), M. A. Armstrong (19), Frank Armstrong (18), J. B. Armstrong (16), James Armstrong (14), J. A. Armstrong (12). All were born in AL. Jas is a farmer.  
Military10/3/1863 FL (Jackson County) 17 yrs old 
Name: Jefferson Benjamin Armstrong, Enlistment Date: Oct. 3, 1863, Rank at enlistment: Private, State Served: Florida, Service Record: Enlisted in Company B, Florida 5th Cavalry Battalion on Oct. 30, 1863., Sources: Soldiers of Florida in the Civil War. 
Census7/4/1870 FL (Calhoun County) 24 yrs old 
Page 302, #189 -Jeffers Armstrong (age 23), Mary Armstrong (22), William Armstrong (2), Mary Armstrong (1). Jefferson was born in AL, he is a farmer. All others born in FL. 
Additional information about Calhoun County, FL around 1870: Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.  
Census6/11/1880 Abe Springs FL (Calhoun County) 34 yrs old 
#65 -Jeff Armstrong (age 35), Margret Armstrong (35), William Armstrong (13), Mary Armstrong (11), C. E. Armstrong (8), Mary J. Armstrong (6), Victoria Armstrong (5), Lula Armstrong (4), Baby daughter Armstrong (2 mons). Jeff was born in AL, all others in FL. Jeff is a logger, William is a store clerk. 
Additional information about Calhoun County, FL around 1880: Blountstown was declared the seat of Calhoun County in 1880. Prior to that, Abe Springs had been the county seat. Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.  
Census1/1/1885 FL (Calhoun County) 38 yrs old 
#286 - J.B. Armstrong (age 39), M.A. (39), Willis (17), Susan (16), Comelia (14), Ramoth (12), Vic (10), Jennie (8), Nora (5), L. (2). J.B. was born in AL, all others in FL. J.B.'s parents were born in AL, M.A.'s father in GA and mother in SC.  
Additional information about Calhoun County, FL around 1885: The principle towns in Calhoun County were Blountstown, Marysville, Chipola, Selman, Ocheesee, and Abe Springs. In 1884 railroads in Florida were bought out by one company and placed under central management. River Junction, located at the junction of the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers, is the closest railroad and the primary hub of land transports. The photo on the right shows the iron bridge than spans the Chattahoochee River about a mile from the Depot at River Junction where wharves, storage, steamboats and hotels bussel with activity. Click the photo for a larger view. Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.

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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during Jefferson Armstrong's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of Jefferson, his family, and friends. For example, Jefferson is 9 years old when Third Seminole Indian War begins. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
4 1850 State population=771,623. The 1850 Federal Census reveals the White population=426,514; African-American population=345,109; Slave population=342,844; Free black population=2,265; Urban population=35,179; Rural population=736,444; Cotton production in bales=564,429; Corn production in bushels=28,754,048; Number of manufacturing establishments=1,026.
4 1850 Florida's total population has grown to 87,445. This includes about 39,000 slaves and 1,000 free blacks. Indians were not counted.
9 1855 Third Seminole Indian War begins and war breaks out with most of the battles occurring in Central Florida. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
15 1861 No Floridian's voted for Lincoln during the 1860 election. On Jan. 10, 1861, Florida seceded from the U.S. and joined the Confederate States of America a few weeks later.
18 1864 Battle of Olustee is a Confederate victory. Union troops pull back
19 1865 May 10th -- Union troops occupy Tallahassee. While Tallahassee was the only Confederate state capital east of the Mississippi River that had not been captured, Union troops occupy the capitol following the surrender of the major Confederate armies in the east.
19 1865 Battle at Natural Bridge (Wakulla County) is a Confederate victory.
24 1870 During the 1870s, the remaining Seminole Indians begin establishing trading posts and other economy with local settlers.
36 1882 The Florida Central and Western Railroad Company was created. It combines the Florida Central, Jacksonville, Pensacola, and Mobile railroads.
37 1883 Three railroad companies are merged to form the Florida Transit and Penisular Railroad Company. Thee are: Florida Transit Railroad Co., Peninsular Railroad Co, and the Tropical Florida Railroad Co.
38 1884 Most railroads in Florida are passed into the hands of a single company owned and operated by a single management, under the name of The Florida Railway and Navigation Company. It has more that 500 miles of main track in operation and about 300 miles of track under construction. The longest route was the "Western Division" which ran from Tallahassee to Jacksonville - 209 miles.
60 1906 An attempt to drain the Everglades and convert it to farmland begins.
7 1853 The process of creating steel is invented by Besermer in Britain and Kelly in the U.S.
10 1856 The first Neanderthal fossils are found near Germany
13 1859 Charles Darwin publishes "Origin of Species" and begins the evolution theory.
19 1865 Mendel publishes his papers on genetics and introduces the concept to the public.
23 1869 Cro-magnon Man fossils are found in France
31 1877 Edison invents the phonograph permitting music and voices to be recorded and replayed.
33 1879 Edison invents the electric light bulb.
43 1889 The first calculating machine is invented and uses punch cards
49 1895 Wireless telegraph and the "antenna" are invented but it covers a very short distance.
51 1897 First ship to shore message is sent using an improved form of wireless telegraph
54 1900 The cause of yellow fever is discovered. It is proven that the fever is spread by mosquitoes. This rallies an effort to provide better mosquito control.
54 1900 Freud publishes his book "The Interpretation of Dreams"
55 1901 First transatlantic wireless telegraph is sent.
56 1902 The first Tyrannosaurus Rex fossil is discovered.
57 1903 Wright Brothers complete the first successful flight with an airplane at Kitty Hawk
58 1904 The first vacuum tube diode is invented by Fleming
60 1906 Kellogg sells the first box of Corn Flakes
60 1906 The triode vacuum tube is invented
60 1906 Electrons are discovered by Thomson
15 1861 NEWS HEADLINES: American Civil war begins at Ft. Sumter, located in Charleston Harbor, VA.
16 1862 NEWS HEADLINES: May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
36 1882 NEWS HEADLINES: Edison creates the first large power station in New York City, making it the first place in America to have electricity.
39 1885 NEWS HEADLINES: Eastman invents the box camera. For the first time photography becomes affordable for the average citizen.
62 1908 NEWS HEADLINES: Henry Ford produces the first Model T automobile
9 1855 Third Seminole Indian War begins. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
14 1860 Presidential election puts Abraham Lincoln in office. The campaign has heated the issues regarding slavery in the south.
16 1862 May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
17 1863 Abraham Lincoln issues the "Emancipation Proclamation" freeing slaves.
19 1865 American Civil war ends with General Lee's surrender at Appomattox, VA. Reconstruction begins in the "old South"
22 1868 An eight-hour work day is established for federal employees.
29 1875 Tennessee enacts Jim Crow law.
30 1876 The National League of Baseball is founded
63 1909 The National Association for Advancement of Colored People is formed (NAACP)
64 1910 Boy Scout and Girl Scout Organizations are introduced in America and the concept of a "week end" meaning time off from regular work begins to take root. The British Empire covers 1/5th of the world land area.
63 1909 The "Piltdown Man" hoax -- a fake archeological discovery announced by dishonest scientists who wanted to "prove" that human beings had evolved in Europe

The Children of Jefferson Benjamin Armstrong

Ida Ramoth Armstrong
Born somewhere in Florida on December 3, 1873 and died in Calhoun County, Florida on April 8, 1956. She was 82 years old.

She married Charles W. Wood
Thadious Clyde Wood (8/19/1897 -2/2/1952)
Mary Gussie Wood (1/1899)
Richard Wood
Broward Wood
Lucile Wood
Lilly Mae
Eva Evylin - ...
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34 years old
Lula Green Armstrong
Born somewhere in Florida about 1876 and died in Calhoun County, Florida on February 14, 1915. She was 39 years old.

She was the daughter of Jefferson Benjamin Armstrong (1846) and Margaret Lee Nall (1847).
She married Willis C. Wood

Children: Almarine Jackson Wood (1899-1980)
Jessie William Wood(190...
Click for more information about Lula Armstrong.
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