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Genealogy for
Mary Ann Cumby / Cumbie 

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About Mary Ann Cumby / Cumbie
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Mary Ann Cumby / Cumbie
1794 - 2/13/1851
Mary Ann Cumby / Cumbie was born about 1794 somewhere in South Carolina and died on February 13, 1851 in Blountstown (Calhoun County), Florida. Actual date of birth is unknown. She lived to be about 57 years old.

Her maiden name may have been 'Cumbie,' 'Cumbee,' or even 'Cumbo' or 'Cumbow'. On the 1850 census, she said she was born in FL. However, the Florida territory was under Spanish control until 1819 -- 24 years after her birth. We think she may have been born in SC. We also think she may have been Lumbee Indian. She married Jesse Yon about 1809 in SC.

Thier children:
  1. Levi M. Yon (1810)
  2. William Ruel Yon (1817)
  3. Dr. Jesse Yon Jr. (1835)
  4. Terrel Higdon (1820)
  5. Clementine "Tina" Yon (1822)
  6. Lydia Yon (1822)
  7. Mary Ann Yon (1825)
  8. Jincy Ann Yon (1828)
  9. Vandalia Yon (1840)
Records
Census1/1/1810 SC (Laurens County) 16 yrs old 
This information, while true, may NOT apply to our Mary Cumby / Cumbie.  page 32, line 15 - Alex Cumby :3- Males - Under 10, 2 - Males - 10 thru 15, 1 - Males - 16 thru 25, 1 - Males - 26 thru 44 , 1 - Females - Under 10, 1 - Females - 26 thru 44 
Census8/7/1820 GA (Laurens County) 26 yrs old 
Page 19 #7 -Household of J. Yawn -two males (under 5), one male (5-10), one male (20-30) and one female (20-30).

living next door Benjamin Yawn  
Additional information about Laurens County, GA around 1820: Created in 1807, it was named for Col. John Laurens, who was killed by British oppressors during the American Revolution. The Oconee River runs through the county. 
Census1/1/1830 FL (Gadsden County) 36 yrs old 
Jesse Yon is recorded as the head of household consisting of 17 people -- eight of which are slaves. His family consists of: one white male between 5-10 years old, one male between 10-15, one between 20-30, one male between 40-50, two females under 5, two females between 4-10, and one female between 30-40. Ages of his slaves are: one male under 10, three males between 10-24, two females under 10, one female between 10-24 and one female between 35 and 55.  Source:  1830 U.S. Census
Additional information about Gadsden County, FL around 1830: Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.  
Other12/28/1830 SC (Laurens County) 37 yrs old 
This information, while true, may NOT apply to our Mary Cumby / Cumbie.  Will of Alexander A. Crumbie - wife Susannah, Children listed: Susana, Hannah, Polly, Henry, Hugh, Johnathan, Alexander and Lewis. Johnathan and Alexander are executors of the will.  
Census1/1/1840 FL (Gadsden County) 46 yrs old 
Jessee Yon, living in Gadsden, Florida Territory - 1 male (under 5), 1 male (5-10), 1 male (20-30), 1 male (40-50), 1 female (under 5), 1 female (10-15), 1 female (15-20), 1 female (30-40). with eleven slaves.  
Additional information about Gadsden County, FL around 1840: Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.  
Census10/16/1850 district 5 FL (Calhoun County) 56 yrs old 
family #29, Mary A. (age 55, born in FL) states she can not read or write, value of real estate $ 2560; Jesse (age 17, born in FL) states he attended school in the year; Vandalia (age 11, born in FL)

next door -family #28 Ruel Yon (age 33), F. A. Yon (30), Newton Yon (9), T. H. Yon (7), Mary A Yon (5), N. A. Yon (3). Ruel was born in GA, F.A. in NC and all children in FL. Their home is valued at $3200 States F.A. can not read or write;  
Additional information about Calhoun County, FL around 1850: Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.  
Graveyard/Tombstone2/13/1851 Messer Cemetery FL (Calhoun County) 57 yrs old 
Mary Ann Yon - 1794 to Feb. 13, 1851  

Live and Times
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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during Mary Cumby / Cumbie's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of Mary, her family, and friends. For example, Mary is 4 years old when Mississippi Territory organized from Georgia's western land claims. It includes what will later become portions of Mississippi, Alabama and Northern Florida,
AgeDateEvent
8 1802 Georgia formally cedes western claims for its southern boundary at the 31st parallel -- which will become the north western border of FL.
16 1810 Western Florida, from the Pearl River to the Mississippi, is annexed by the US from Spain.
19 1813 During 1813-14, over 2,000 Muskogee-speaking Creeks move to Florida in response to the Creek Civil War (also known as the Red-sticks War). Most come from AL and GA.
24 1818 First Seminole Indian War takes place when Andrew Jackson brings his troops into northern Florida.
27 1821 Spain formally cedes Florida to the United States in 1821, according to terms of the Adams-Onís Treaty. Spanish colonists as well as settlers from the newly formed United States begin to pour into the new territory. Prior to this change, Florida was a wilderness sparsely dotted with settlements of native Indians, escaped/freed slaves and Spaniards.
28 1822 Florida Territory is purchased
29 1823 The Treaty of Moultrie Creek pushes the Seminole Indian towns into the interior of the Florida peninsula.
30 1824 Tallahassee is established at the capital of Florida because it is half-way between the two government centers in St. Augustine and Pensacola. The Legislative Council meets in November in a log house erected in the vicinity of today's capitol.
41 1835 The Second Seminole Indian War keeps the United States and Seminoles Indians fighting in North & Central Florida.
43 1837 NEWS HEADLINES: In October, Chief Osceola of the Seminole Indians is captured when he arrives for supposed truce negotiations at Fort Payton. He is imprisoned at St. Augustine, FL where he refuses to eat and attempts to escape several times. In December he is moved to a prison in SC where he dies on January 20, 1838. At the time of his death, Osceola was the most famous American Indian.
48 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and some of the Seminole Indians living in FL are moved to the Indian Territory
48 1842 Congress passes the Armed Occupation Act of 1842. It entitles persons willing and able to bear arms against the Indians and establish themselves in villages along the borders of Indian territory ownership of their land after 5 years.
51 1845 Florida becomes the 27th state to join the United States. William Moseley becomes the first governor and David Yulee the first senator.
56 1850 Florida's total population has grown to 87,445. This includes about 39,000 slaves and 1,000 free blacks. Indians were not counted.
AgeDateEvent
5 1799 The Rosetta Stone was discovered
6 1800 The first battery was invented by Volta
13 1807 The first steamboat was invented by Fulton
20 1814 The first locomotive engine was created by Stephenson
36 1830 The first railroad is constructed between Liverpool and Manchester, England
45 1839 Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber, opening the door for tires and other rubber products.
50 1844 The first telegraph message is sent by Morse, who later invents the Mores Code
AgeDateEvent
6 1800 NEWS HEADLINES: Seat of U.S. government moves from Philadelphia to Washington DC
17 1811 NEWS HEADLINES: Tecumseh's emerging Indian Confederacy is defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe in Ohio. Afterwards, Tecumseh and his brother travel from their Shawnee homes in the north to recruit and unify the southern Indians.
18 1812 NEWS HEADLINES: War of 1812 begins and will continue for until 1814. Some call it the Second War of Independence because the US fights Great Britain to a stalemate, Americas independence was assured.
34 1828 Gold is discovered in Georgia.
40 1834 July 9 - The S.S. John Randolph, the first successful iron steamship, is launched in Savannah
AgeDateEvent
36 1830 South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the Union, setting the stage for the creation of the Confederacy.
AgeDateEvent
4 1798 Mississippi Territory organized from Georgia's western land claims. It includes what will later become portions of Mississippi, Alabama and Northern Florida,
9 1803 Louisiana Purchase from France (who secured it from Spain) gives the US a huge new territory and the port of New Orleans.
10 1804 The Seminole warrior later known as Osceola is born near Tuskegee, AL.
11 1805 Federal Road project begins after the Creek Indians give the U.S. permission to develop a “horse path” through their nation that will provide better mail delivery between Washington City (DC) and New Orleans. Soon settlers are traveling and settling along this path to settle the southern frontier.
12 1806 Lewis and Clark Expedition, which began in 1804, ends. News of the rich lands to the west begins to spread.
17 1811 By 1811 the new "Federal Road" (which started as a horse path) is filled with a steady flow of white settlers into Creek Indian Territories. The Spanish begin to fan hostile sentiments among the Indians.
26 1820 The Act of April 24, 1820 abolished the land purchase credit system, fixed the price of public lands at $1.25 per acre, and set the minimum purchase at 80 acres. After a person purchased land, a final certificate was issued by the land office and sent to Washington DC to be verified and signed by the President -- a time consuming process. Public lands were most typically available through US treaties with Indians who agreed to be removed from their homelands.
36 1830 Indian Removal Act signed and the moving of eastern Indians west of the Mississippi begins.
41 1835 Second Seminole Indian War begins.
43 1837 The trickery used to capture Seminole Indian Chief Osceola (Assi Yohola) creates a public uproar and U.S. General Jesup is publicly condemned.
46 1840 Oregon Trail is established
48 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and thousands of Seminole Indians are forced to move west of the Mississippi.
AgeDateEvent
1 1795 White Terror and bread riots in Paris
2 1796 Napoleon marries Josephine de Beauharnais
3 1797 Napoleon proclaims the Venetian Constitution, founds Ligurian Republic in Genoa
39 1833 Santa Anna is elected President of Mexico


Marriages
Jesse Yon
Born on December 21, 1790 and died on December 21, 1863.
They were married 1/1/1809.

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The Children of Mary Ann Cumby / Cumbie

Levi M. Yon Sr.
Born in Newberry Dist., South Carolina on September 21, 1810 and died in Calhoun County, Florida on May 1, 1881. He was 70 years old.

Occupation: Farmer, County Commissioner.

Levi and Nancy had 15 children:
  1. Lousianna Vandila (4/12/1844 to between 1900-1910),
  2. Flora Ann (3/30/1845),
  3. Em...
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William Ruel Yon
Born in Laurens Co., Georgia on January 11, 1817 and died in Calhoun Co., Florida on May 14, 1857. He was 40 years old.

He married Flora Ann Johnson (8/23/1820-1/25/1909). Their children were:
  1. Newton Yon (8/10/1841-3/16/1913)
  2. Terrel Higdon Yon (10/18/1843-1/2/1863)
  3. Nell Arch...
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Terrel Higdon Yon
Born in Laurens Co., Georgia on October 18, 1820 and died in Calhoun Co., Florida on January 21, 1864. He was 43 years old.

He married Elizabeth "Eliza" Prudence Stone(1835 -1906)
Their children:
Higdon Almarin Yon (8/25/1856 -6/5/1930),
John Wood Yon (5/31/1858 -12/6/1936),
Silas Higdon Yon (10/25/1864 -11...
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Clementine 'Tina' Yon
Born somewhere in Florida about 1822 and died somewhere in Florida about 1859. She was about 37 years old.

She was also called "Tina". She married Alexander Johnson and they had four children: Charles Johnson, Mary Johnson, Alonza Johnson, Elvira Johnson. ...
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Lydia Yon
Born in Laurens Co., Georgia about 1822 and died in Williamson Co., Texas about 1872. She was about 50 years old.

She married Jessi Richards. Jessi died sometime before 1860. Their children: Noah Richards (1847 - 1926 ), Mary Miranda Richards (1849- ), Jesse Richards (1852 - )....
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Mary Ann Yon
Born in Laurens Co., Georgia about 1825 and died somewhere in Florida about 1855. She was about 30 years old.

She married Almarine J. Wood.
Their children: Silas Wood (1842 - ),
Almarine J. Wood Jr. (7/9/1844 - 10/27/1922)
Jesse Wood (1848- ).

We have additional information on Ma...
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Jincy Ann Yon
Born in Quincy, Gadsden Co., Florida on December 12, 1828 and died in Wewahitchka, Bay Co., Florida on November 4, 1894. She was 65 years old.

She married James Bennett Stone.

Their children:
Mary Ann Stone (1852 - )
Lackland M. Stone (1854- )
Josephine Ellen Stone (1/20/1856 - Bay Co. FL)
James R. Stone (1858 ...
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Dr. Jesse Yon Jr.
Born in Gadsden Co., Florida about 1835 and died in Calhoun Co., Florida about 1865. He was about 30 years old.

He attended Atlanta Military College.

He married Sarah E. Lott (1838) - the daughter of Luke and Ann Lott

Children: William J. Yon (1859), Braxton Yon (1861) , and Benjamin Yon (1863)...
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