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Genealogy for
Marilda 'Arilda'  Stephens 

 Parents 
Click for more Information about David Stephens.
David Stephens
1790 - 1865

Martha J. Bryant
1793 - 1850
Click for more Information about Martha Bryant.


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About Marilda 'Arilda' Stephens
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Marilda 'Arilda' Stephens
9/7/1816 - 1880
Marilda 'Arilda' Stephens was born on September 7, 1816 somewhere in Georgia and died about 1880 somewhere in Florida. Actual date of death is unknown. She lived to be about 63 years old.

He name may have been Mariah, but it is spelled Marilda and Arilda on census and documents. She married John in Pulaski Co. GA.
They had 9 children:
  1. John (5/12/1838-2/16/1862 in VA. Civil War)
  2. David (8/14/1839-7/4/1863 in Gettysburg,PA- Civil War)
  3. Thomas (1/18/1841-1890 FL)
  4. Benjamin Franklin (7/9/1842-12/18/1889)
  5. William Nathaniel (7/9/1842 GA-5/13/1917 FL)-married Eliza Jane Pope;
  6. Weltha E. (4/251844-1929)
  7. Asa W. (1/9/1846-2/16/1906 FL)
  8. Queen Ann (3/12/1849)
  9. Ishmael (2/16/1850)
  10. Mary Arilda (6/21/1852 -bef.1870)
  11. Samuel (1/10/1855).
Her parents may have been Martha J. Bryant and David Stephens.

Arilda is buried next to John, but there is no marker for her.

In a book by, Marlene Womack "WAR Comes to Florida's Northern GULF COAST"Records list a Marilda Ayers buried in Hare Hammock Cemetery - on Tyndall Air Force Base -the burial place measures 46x47 feet and is on the top of an Indian mound that is off limits and is loccated on the south side of U.S. 98. pages 124 & 125
Records
Census1/1/1830 GA (Dooley County) 13 yrs old 
Number 2, #88 21 David Stephens- one male (under 5),one male (5-10),one male (15-20) one male (30-40), / one female(under 5),one female(5-10),one female(10-15),one female (15-20), one female (30-40)  
Marriage5/25/1837 GA ( Pulaski County) 20 yrs old 
The marriage of Jack John Ayers and Marilda Stephens is recorded at the bottom of this page. 
Census10/14/1850 5 th district FL (Calhoun County) 34 yrs old 
family #5: John Ayrs (age 43, born in SC), Arilda (age 43, born in GA), Tellitha (25, SC), David (11, GA), John (12, GA), Thos. (10, GA), Benjam. (8, GA), William (8,GA), Elizabeth A. (6, GA), Asa (4, GA), Quinn (2, FL), Ishmael (4 months old, FL). John states he is a Blacksmith.

#7 William Ayrs & family are listed 
Additional information about Calhoun County, FL around 1850: Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.  
Census7/18/1860 Ochesee District FL (Calhoun County) 43 yrs old 
family# 46: Aurelia Ayers (age 44, born in GA, Housekeeping), John (22, GA, farming), David (21, FL, Farming), Thomas (20, FL, farming), Benjamin (18, FL, farming), William (18, FL, farming), Wealthy (17, FL, Domestic), Elizabeth (17, FL, Domestic), Asa W. (14, FL), Queen Ann (12, FL), Ishmael (10, FL); Samuel (8, FL), Mary Arilda(6, FL). Check marks are in the box for white, black or malatto for Aurelia & John.

#49 James Stephens (62) He was born in GA and is a Baptist minister. Value of estate $150. Check mark is in the box for white, black or malatto.  
Additional information about Calhoun County, FL around 1860: Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.  
Other10/30/1863 Abe Springs Bluff FL (Calhoun County) 47 yrs old 
Calhoun County
Fall Term 1863
Report of witnesses summoned on behalf of the state and attending at said term and entitled by law to payment from the state.
#6 Robert W. Nixon - number of miles: 4, number of days: 1, amount in dollars: 1.65 , #8 Arilda Ayers - number of miles: 12, number of days: 1, amount in dollars: 2.70 #9 Wiltha Ayres- number of miles: 12, number of days: 1, amount in dollars: 2.70

In cases of State –v- Luke Lott and State –v- Rebecca Maudlin.
Written my hand and private seal, my seal of office having been destroyed by fire in the destruction of the Court house, this October 30th 1863, Wm Clark - Clerk of Calhoun County Circuit Court  
Census7/6/1870 FL (Calhoun County) 53 yrs old 
#219, 152 - Marilda Stephens (age 53) born in Georgia. The value of her homes is $100, personal $200. She can not read or write.
She lives next door to #218- Asa Ayers and #220 Queen Ayers. 
Additional information about Calhoun County, FL around 1870: Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.  

Live and Times
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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during Marilda 'Arilda' Stephens's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of Marilda 'Arilda', her family, and friends. For example, Marilda 'Arilda' is 4 years old when The Act of April 24, 1820 abolished the land purchase credit system, fixed the price of public lands at $1.25 per acre, and set the minimum purchase at 80 acres. After a person purchased land, a final certificate was issued by the land office and sent to Washington DC to be verified and signed by the President -- a time consuming process. Public lands were most typically available through US treaties with Indians who agreed to be removed from their homelands.
AgeDateEvent
2 1818 First Seminole Indian War takes place when Andrew Jackson brings his troops into northern Florida.
5 1821 Spain formally cedes Florida to the United States in 1821, according to terms of the Adams-Onís Treaty. Spanish colonists as well as settlers from the newly formed United States begin to pour into the new territory. Prior to this change, Florida was a wilderness sparsely dotted with settlements of native Indians, escaped/freed slaves and Spaniards.
6 1822 Florida Territory is purchased
7 1823 The Treaty of Moultrie Creek pushes the Seminole Indian towns into the interior of the Florida peninsula.
8 1824 Tallahassee is established at the capital of Florida because it is half-way between the two government centers in St. Augustine and Pensacola. The Legislative Council meets in November in a log house erected in the vicinity of today's capitol.
19 1835 The Second Seminole Indian War keeps the United States and Seminoles Indians fighting in North & Central Florida.
21 1837 NEWS HEADLINES: In October, Chief Osceola of the Seminole Indians is captured when he arrives for supposed truce negotiations at Fort Payton. He is imprisoned at St. Augustine, FL where he refuses to eat and attempts to escape several times. In December he is moved to a prison in SC where he dies on January 20, 1838. At the time of his death, Osceola was the most famous American Indian.
26 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and some of the Seminole Indians living in FL are moved to the Indian Territory
26 1842 Congress passes the Armed Occupation Act of 1842. It entitles persons willing and able to bear arms against the Indians and establish themselves in villages along the borders of Indian territory ownership of their land after 5 years.
29 1845 Florida becomes the 27th state to join the United States. William Moseley becomes the first governor and David Yulee the first senator.
34 1850 Florida's total population has grown to 87,445. This includes about 39,000 slaves and 1,000 free blacks. Indians were not counted.
39 1855 Third Seminole Indian War begins and war breaks out with most of the battles occurring in Central Florida. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
45 1861 No Floridian's voted for Lincoln during the 1860 election. On Jan. 10, 1861, Florida seceded from the U.S. and joined the Confederate States of America a few weeks later.
48 1864 Battle of Olustee is a Confederate victory. Union troops pull back
49 1865 May 10th -- Union troops occupy Tallahassee. While Tallahassee was the only Confederate state capital east of the Mississippi River that had not been captured, Union troops occupy the capitol following the surrender of the major Confederate armies in the east.
49 1865 Battle at Natural Bridge (Wakulla County) is a Confederate victory.
54 1870 During the 1870s, the remaining Seminole Indians begin establishing trading posts and other economy with local settlers.
AgeDateEvent
1 1817 First Seminole war begins as Georgia backwoodsmen attack Indians just north of the Florida border. !817-1818. General Andrew Jackson invades the area.
3 1819 Rabun County formed.
4 1820 December 20 - Campbell and Randolph Counties formed.
5 1821 May 15 - Dooly, Fayette, Henry, Houston, Monroe and Newton Counties formed.
6 1822 December 9 - Bibb, Dekalb and Pike Counties formed.
7 1823 December 8 - Decatur County formed.
8 1824 December 15 - Upson and Ware Counties formed.
9 1825 Baker, Lowndes, Thomas, Butts and Taliaferro Counties formed.
10 1826 January 24 - Treaty of Washington abrogates Treaty of Indian Springs. The Creeks cede a smaller area and are allowed to remain on their lands until January 1, 1826.
11 1827 December 14, - Harris, Marion, Meriwether and Talbot.
14 1830 Cherokee, Heard, and Stewrt Counties are formed.
15 1831 Sumter County is formed.
16 1832 December 3 - Bartow, Cobb, Crawford, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Murray, Paulding, and Union Counties formed.
17 1833 Walker County is formed.
20 1836 Seminoles massacre Major Francis L. Dade and his 103 man command. This starts the second Seminole War. February - Battle of Hitchity. March 27 - Colonel J.W. Fannin and his Georgian's executed by order of Santa Ana at Goliad on Palm Sunday. July - Battle of Brushy Creek. July 3 - Battle of Chickasawachee Swamp. July 27 - Battle of Echowanochaway Creek.
21 1837 Mcon and Dade Counties are formed.
22 1838 Chattooga County formed
31 1847 Atlanta, Georgia is incorporated. Formally Marthasville
34 1850 Gordon and Clinch Counties are formed.
35 1851 Clay, Howell, Polk, Spalding, and Whitfield Counties are formed.
36 1852 Taylor County formed.
37 1853 Catoosa, Pickens, Hart, Dougherty, Webster, Flton, and Worth Counties aare creaated.
38 1854 Fannin, Coffee, Chattahooche, Charlton, and Calhoun Counties formed.
40 1856 Haralson, Terrell, Berrien, Colquit, Miller, and Towns Counties formed.
41 1857 Dawson, Milton, Pierce, Glascock, Mitchell, Schley, White, and Wilcox Counties formed.
42 1858 Clayton, Quitman, Banks, Brooks, Johnson, and Echols Counties formed.
54 1870 Douglas, McDuffie, Rockdale, and Dodge Counties formed.
59 1875 Oconee County formed.
AgeDateEvent
14 1830 The first railroad is constructed between Liverpool and Manchester, England
23 1839 Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber, opening the door for tires and other rubber products.
28 1844 The first telegraph message is sent by Morse, who later invents the Mores Code
37 1853 The process of creating steel is invented by Besermer in Britain and Kelly in the U.S.
40 1856 The first Neanderthal fossils are found near Germany
43 1859 Charles Darwin publishes "Origin of Species" and begins the evolution theory.
49 1865 Mendel publishes his papers on genetics and introduces the concept to the public.
53 1869 Cro-magnon Man fossils are found in France
61 1877 Edison invents the phonograph permitting music and voices to be recorded and replayed.
63 1879 Edison invents the electric light bulb.
AgeDateEvent
12 1828 Gold is discovered in Georgia.
18 1834 July 9 - The S.S. John Randolph, the first successful iron steamship, is launched in Savannah
45 1861 NEWS HEADLINES: American Civil war begins at Ft. Sumter, located in Charleston Harbor, VA.
46 1862 NEWS HEADLINES: May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
AgeDateEvent
4 1820 The Act of April 24, 1820 abolished the land purchase credit system, fixed the price of public lands at $1.25 per acre, and set the minimum purchase at 80 acres. After a person purchased land, a final certificate was issued by the land office and sent to Washington DC to be verified and signed by the President -- a time consuming process. Public lands were most typically available through US treaties with Indians who agreed to be removed from their homelands.
14 1830 Indian Removal Act signed and the moving of eastern Indians west of the Mississippi begins.
19 1835 Second Seminole Indian War begins.
21 1837 The trickery used to capture Seminole Indian Chief Osceola (Assi Yohola) creates a public uproar and U.S. General Jesup is publicly condemned.
24 1840 Oregon Trail is established
26 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and thousands of Seminole Indians are forced to move west of the Mississippi.
39 1855 Third Seminole Indian War begins. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
44 1860 Presidential election puts Abraham Lincoln in office. The campaign has heated the issues regarding slavery in the south.
46 1862 May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
47 1863 Abraham Lincoln issues the "Emancipation Proclamation" freeing slaves.
49 1865 American Civil war ends with General Lee's surrender at Appomattox, VA. Reconstruction begins in the "old South"
52 1868 An eight-hour work day is established for federal employees.
59 1875 Tennessee enacts Jim Crow law.
60 1876 The National League of Baseball is founded
AgeDateEvent
17 1833 Santa Anna is elected President of Mexico


Marriages
Capt. John 'Jack' Ayers
Born on October 7, 1791 and died about 1858.
They were married 5/25/1837.

Click for more information about Capt. John      'Jack' Ayers.


The Children of Marilda 'Arilda' Stephens

John Ayers
Born somewhere in Georgia on May 12, 1838 and died somewhere in Virginia on December 16, 1862. He was 24 years old.

He married on 9/11/1862 to Sena Burnam (9/10/1836 - 6/30/1916)
They had one son, John David Ayers (7/19/1863 - 10/18/1925)....
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49 years old
Thomas W. Ayers
Born somewhere in Georgia on January 18, 1841 and died in Abe Springs, Cahoun Co., Florida on December 13, 1896. He was 55 years old.

He married Sarah Jane Register, they had 6 children:
  1. James Thomas (1868-1932),
  2. Elizabeth (1871 - ),
  3. Rebecca Jane (1872 -1947),
  4. Martha Charity (1875...
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Benjamin Franklin Ayers
Born in Dooley Co., Georgia on July 9, 1842 and died in Calhoun Co., Florida on December 18, 1889. He was about 47 years old.

He first married on (12/11/1866) Harriet Burnam.
He then married on (11/29/1874) Nancy Ann Sims Keel (1845-1913)
children:
Avie Elizabeth (2/1/1876-3/5/1936)Avie married John Thomas Duncan...
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William Nathaniel Ayers
Born in Dooley Co., Georgia on July 9, 1842 and died in Calhoun Co., Florida on May 13, 1917. He was 74 years old.

He married Eliza Jane Pope(12/12/1846 - 12/3/1922)
Children:
Lorena (1870)
John (1875)
William(1876)
Samuel Ayers (1882).

He served in the Civil War under the command of Capt...
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Wealthy Elizabeth Ayers
Born in Pulaski Co, Georgia on April 25, 1844 and died in Calhoun Co, Florida on January 3, 1929. She was 84 years old.

She was also called Bertha. She had 10 children:
  1. David Samuel Bailey (9/17/1867-11/18/1912),
  2. Jesse Wesley Bailey (1868- ) married Mary Reba Parish,
  3. Wealth...
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39 years old
Asa W. Ayers
Born in Dooley Co., Georgia on January 9, 1846 and died in Calhoun Co., Florida on February 16, 1906. He was 60 years old.

He married Joann Carson on May 22, 1870
Children:
  1. James William (12/22/1871 -1/2/1934),
  2. Jane "Jennie" (9/18/1873 -2/14/1889),
  3. John David (1876 -6/19...
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31 years old
Queen Ann Ayers
Born somewhere in Georgia on March 12, 1849 and died in Calhoun Co., Florida on November 15, 1928. She was about 79 years old.

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45 years old
Ishmael A. Ayers
Born somewhere in Florida on February 16, 1850 and died somewhere in Florida on August 5, 1926. He was 76 years old.

He married Harriett Elizabeth Howard
Children:
  1. Martha Jane (1870-1941),
  2. William Henry (1872-1963),
  3. Ella Ann (1876-1959)married Calvin Martin, <...
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35 years old
Samuel Ayers
Born in Calhoun Co., Florida on January 10, 1855 and died in Calhoun Co., Florida on July 18, 1934. He was 79 years old.

He married on (3/12/1877) to Wineford C. Cash (4/10/1859-5/21/1885).
After the death of Wineford, he married on (8/30/1894)to Nancy Catherine Pope (1/9/1860-1/1/1889).
After the death of Nancy ...
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