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Genealogy for
Sophia  Swearingen 

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About Sophia Swearingen
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Sophia Swearingen
1/14/1796 - 3/20/1871
Sophia Swearingen was born on January 14, 1796 somewhere in Georgia and died on March 20, 1871 in Marianna, Florida. She lived to be 75 years old.

Children: Rebecca (10/21/1822-1/30/1901), Walter (born 5/30/1826), Ann Mary (born 11/12/1827), John Timothy (4/30/1829-5/9/1911), Henry Bolyn (born 2/7/1931), Charles W. (1834-1891), Lestia Boone (1/1849-7/12/1852).
Records
Census6/2/1860 Marianna FL (Jackson County) 64 yrs old 
John Davis (age 59, born in GA), Sophia Davis (age 63, born in GA), C W Davis (24, FL), Ann M Watson (31, FL), John D Watson (7, AL), and Richard S Watson (5, AL), Jacob H Pooser (23, SC), a school teacher and Henry Dzkes (25, GA), a Overseer also live with the family. John is a farmer and estimates the value of real estate to be $7000 & personal estate to be $22,000. C.W. is a merchant and estimates the value of real estate to be $2500 and personal to be $3500.  
Additional information about Jackson County, FL around 1860: Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.  
Census6/6/1870 Marianna FL (Jackson County) 74 yrs old 
family# 33: John Davis (age 69), Sophia (73), Ann M. Watson (40), John D. Watson (17), Richard Watson (15) & Albert C. Barker (30). Albert is a M E Preacher. John is a farmer and estates the value of his real estate to be $5000 and personal estate to be $1000. Ann says the value of her personal estate value is $1000. John D. & Richard attend school. John & Sophia were born in GA. Albert was born in Al and everyone else was born in FL. John and his family are living next door to his son, Charles. 
Additional information about Jackson County, FL around 1870: Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.  

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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during Sophia Swearingen's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of Sophia, her family, and friends. For example, Sophia is 2 years old when Mississippi Territory organized from Georgia's western land claims. It includes what will later become portions of Mississippi, Alabama and Northern Florida,
AgeDateEvent
6 1802 Georgia formally cedes western claims for its southern boundary at the 31st parallel -- which will become the north western border of FL.
14 1810 Western Florida, from the Pearl River to the Mississippi, is annexed by the US from Spain.
17 1813 During 1813-14, over 2,000 Muskogee-speaking Creeks move to Florida in response to the Creek Civil War (also known as the Red-sticks War). Most come from AL and GA.
22 1818 First Seminole Indian War takes place when Andrew Jackson brings his troops into northern Florida.
25 1821 Spain formally cedes Florida to the United States in 1821, according to terms of the Adams-Onís Treaty. Spanish colonists as well as settlers from the newly formed United States begin to pour into the new territory. Prior to this change, Florida was a wilderness sparsely dotted with settlements of native Indians, escaped/freed slaves and Spaniards.
26 1822 Florida Territory is purchased
27 1823 The Treaty of Moultrie Creek pushes the Seminole Indian towns into the interior of the Florida peninsula.
28 1824 Tallahassee is established at the capital of Florida because it is half-way between the two government centers in St. Augustine and Pensacola. The Legislative Council meets in November in a log house erected in the vicinity of today's capitol.
39 1835 The Second Seminole Indian War keeps the United States and Seminoles Indians fighting in North & Central Florida.
41 1837 NEWS HEADLINES: In October, Chief Osceola of the Seminole Indians is captured when he arrives for supposed truce negotiations at Fort Payton. He is imprisoned at St. Augustine, FL where he refuses to eat and attempts to escape several times. In December he is moved to a prison in SC where he dies on January 20, 1838. At the time of his death, Osceola was the most famous American Indian.
46 1842 Congress passes the Armed Occupation Act of 1842. It entitles persons willing and able to bear arms against the Indians and establish themselves in villages along the borders of Indian territory ownership of their land after 5 years.
46 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and some of the Seminole Indians living in FL are moved to the Indian Territory
49 1845 Florida becomes the 27th state to join the United States. William Moseley becomes the first governor and David Yulee the first senator.
54 1850 Florida's total population has grown to 87,445. This includes about 39,000 slaves and 1,000 free blacks. Indians were not counted.
59 1855 Third Seminole Indian War begins and war breaks out with most of the battles occurring in Central Florida. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
65 1861 No Floridian's voted for Lincoln during the 1860 election. On Jan. 10, 1861, Florida seceded from the U.S. and joined the Confederate States of America a few weeks later.
68 1864 Battle of Olustee is a Confederate victory. Union troops pull back
69 1865 Battle at Natural Bridge (Wakulla County) is a Confederate victory.
69 1865 May 10th -- Union troops occupy Tallahassee. While Tallahassee was the only Confederate state capital east of the Mississippi River that had not been captured, Union troops occupy the capitol following the surrender of the major Confederate armies in the east.
74 1870 During the 1870s, the remaining Seminole Indians begin establishing trading posts and other economy with local settlers.
AgeDateEvent
5 1801 Clarke and Tatnall Counties formed.
6 1802 Georgia formally cedes western claims for its southern boundary at the 31st parallel -- which will become a border between,GA, FL and AL. GA's western border reaches to the Mississippi River.
7 1803 Between 1803 and 1811 a horse trail is established connecting Milledgeville, Georgia to Fort Stoddert, American outpost north of Mobile. This is expanded into a road and called The Federal Road by 1811.
11 1807 December 10 - Jasper, Jones, Laurens, Morgan, Putnam, and Telfair Counties formed.
12 1808 Pulaski County created.
13 1809 Twiggs County formed.
15 1811 Tecumseh visits the Creek Indians living in what will become Georgia and Alabama to try to persuade them to join his fight against the flood of white settlers. Some towns join forces with Tecumseh and become known as "Red Sticks".
15 1811 Madison County created.
16 1812 The Creek tribes in southern Alabama and Georgia find themselves under increasing pressure from white settlers. Led by Chief Weatherford, they accepted an alliance with Tecumseh and are nicknamed "Red Sticks".
16 1812 Emanual County formed.
17 1813 During 1813-14, Muskogee-speaking Creeks leave GA and move into areas in Northern FL in response to the Creek Civil War (also known as the Red-sticks War).
21 1817 First Seminole war begins as Georgia backwoodsmen attack Indians just north of the Florida border. !817-1818. General Andrew Jackson invades the area.
23 1819 Rabun County formed.
24 1820 December 20 - Campbell and Randolph Counties formed.
25 1821 May 15 - Dooly, Fayette, Henry, Houston, Monroe and Newton Counties formed.
26 1822 December 9 - Bibb, Dekalb and Pike Counties formed.
27 1823 December 8 - Decatur County formed.
28 1824 December 15 - Upson and Ware Counties formed.
29 1825 Baker, Lowndes, Thomas, Butts and Taliaferro Counties formed.
30 1826 January 24 - Treaty of Washington abrogates Treaty of Indian Springs. The Creeks cede a smaller area and are allowed to remain on their lands until January 1, 1826.
31 1827 December 14, - Harris, Marion, Meriwether and Talbot.
34 1830 Cherokee, Heard, and Stewrt Counties are formed.
35 1831 Sumter County is formed.
36 1832 December 3 - Bartow, Cobb, Crawford, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Murray, Paulding, and Union Counties formed.
37 1833 Walker County is formed.
40 1836 Seminoles massacre Major Francis L. Dade and his 103 man command. This starts the second Seminole War. February - Battle of Hitchity. March 27 - Colonel J.W. Fannin and his Georgian's executed by order of Santa Ana at Goliad on Palm Sunday. July - Battle of Brushy Creek. July 3 - Battle of Chickasawachee Swamp. July 27 - Battle of Echowanochaway Creek.
41 1837 Mcon and Dade Counties are formed.
42 1838 Chattooga County formed
51 1847 Atlanta, Georgia is incorporated. Formally Marthasville
54 1850 Gordon and Clinch Counties are formed.
55 1851 Clay, Howell, Polk, Spalding, and Whitfield Counties are formed.
56 1852 Taylor County formed.
57 1853 Catoosa, Pickens, Hart, Dougherty, Webster, Flton, and Worth Counties aare creaated.
58 1854 Fannin, Coffee, Chattahooche, Charlton, and Calhoun Counties formed.
60 1856 Haralson, Terrell, Berrien, Colquit, Miller, and Towns Counties formed.
61 1857 Dawson, Milton, Pierce, Glascock, Mitchell, Schley, White, and Wilcox Counties formed.
62 1858 Clayton, Quitman, Banks, Brooks, Johnson, and Echols Counties formed.
74 1870 Douglas, McDuffie, Rockdale, and Dodge Counties formed.
AgeDateEvent
3 1799 The Rosetta Stone was discovered
4 1800 The first battery was invented by Volta
11 1807 The first steamboat was invented by Fulton
18 1814 The first locomotive engine was created by Stephenson
34 1830 The first railroad is constructed between Liverpool and Manchester, England
43 1839 Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber, opening the door for tires and other rubber products.
48 1844 The first telegraph message is sent by Morse, who later invents the Mores Code
57 1853 The process of creating steel is invented by Besermer in Britain and Kelly in the U.S.
60 1856 The first Neanderthal fossils are found near Germany
63 1859 Charles Darwin publishes "Origin of Species" and begins the evolution theory.
69 1865 Mendel publishes his papers on genetics and introduces the concept to the public.
73 1869 Cro-magnon Man fossils are found in France
AgeDateEvent
4 1800 NEWS HEADLINES: Seat of U.S. government moves from Philadelphia to Washington DC
15 1811 NEWS HEADLINES: Tecumseh's emerging Indian Confederacy is defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe in Ohio. Afterwards, Tecumseh and his brother travel from their Shawnee homes in the north to recruit and unify the southern Indians.
16 1812 NEWS HEADLINES: War of 1812 begins and will continue for until 1814. Some call it the Second War of Independence because the US fights Great Britain to a stalemate, Americas independence was assured.
32 1828 Gold is discovered in Georgia.
38 1834 July 9 - The S.S. John Randolph, the first successful iron steamship, is launched in Savannah
65 1861 NEWS HEADLINES: American Civil war begins at Ft. Sumter, located in Charleston Harbor, VA.
66 1862 NEWS HEADLINES: May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
AgeDateEvent
2 1798 Mississippi Territory organized from Georgia's western land claims. It includes what will later become portions of Mississippi, Alabama and Northern Florida,
7 1803 Louisiana Purchase from France (who secured it from Spain) gives the US a huge new territory and the port of New Orleans.
8 1804 The Seminole warrior later known as Osceola is born near Tuskegee, AL.
9 1805 Federal Road project begins after the Creek Indians give the U.S. permission to develop a “horse path” through their nation that will provide better mail delivery between Washington City (DC) and New Orleans. Soon settlers are traveling and settling along this path to settle the southern frontier.
10 1806 Lewis and Clark Expedition, which began in 1804, ends. News of the rich lands to the west begins to spread.
15 1811 By 1811 the new "Federal Road" (which started as a horse path) is filled with a steady flow of white settlers into Creek Indian Territories. The Spanish begin to fan hostile sentiments among the Indians.
24 1820 The Act of April 24, 1820 abolished the land purchase credit system, fixed the price of public lands at $1.25 per acre, and set the minimum purchase at 80 acres. After a person purchased land, a final certificate was issued by the land office and sent to Washington DC to be verified and signed by the President -- a time consuming process. Public lands were most typically available through US treaties with Indians who agreed to be removed from their homelands.
34 1830 Indian Removal Act signed and the moving of eastern Indians west of the Mississippi begins.
39 1835 Second Seminole Indian War begins.
41 1837 The trickery used to capture Seminole Indian Chief Osceola (Assi Yohola) creates a public uproar and U.S. General Jesup is publicly condemned.
44 1840 Oregon Trail is established
46 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and thousands of Seminole Indians are forced to move west of the Mississippi.
59 1855 Third Seminole Indian War begins. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
64 1860 Presidential election puts Abraham Lincoln in office. The campaign has heated the issues regarding slavery in the south.
66 1862 May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
67 1863 Abraham Lincoln issues the "Emancipation Proclamation" freeing slaves.
69 1865 American Civil war ends with General Lee's surrender at Appomattox, VA. Reconstruction begins in the "old South"
72 1868 An eight-hour work day is established for federal employees.
AgeDateEvent
1 1797 Napoleon proclaims the Venetian Constitution, founds Ligurian Republic in Genoa
37 1833 Santa Anna is elected President of Mexico


Marriages
John Davis
Born on March 14, 1801 and died on August 5, 1875.
They were married 12/24/1809.

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The Children of Sophia Swearingen

Rebecca Davis
Born in Marianna, Florida on October 21, 1822 and died in an unknown location on January 30, 1901. She was 78 years old.

She was married three times: 1st to Cutting G. Stephens, 2nd to Hugh Spears and 3rd to Dr. Theophilus West. She had on son, William Davis Spears(1848-1891). The Davis/West house (built for her buy he...
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33 years old
John Timothy Davis Jr
Born in Marianna, Florida on April 30, 1829 and died in Columbia, Alabama on May 9, 1911. He was 82 years old.

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Henry Bolyn Davis
Born in Jackson Co., Florida on February 7, 1831 and died in an unknown location about 1910. He was about 78 years old.

Married Amelia Brown Wilson (1841 to 1880) Children: Charles E. Davis b. 1859, FL., Roxie S. Davis b. 1864, FL., Annie R. Davis b. 11 Jun 1869, Al, d. 24 Oct 1889 & Lillian W. Davis b. ...
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31 years old
Charles White Davis
Born in Marianna, Florida on August 19, 1834 and died in Marianna, Florida on April 17, 1891. He was 56 years old.

Children: Walter Robinson (1884-1959), Sophia Elizabeth (12/11/1866-5/9/1867), Mary Emma (3/9/1868-6/1878), Charles White (9/28/1870-9/21/1938), Gussie Isabell (4/19/1873-11/25/1959), John Henry (1/10...
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