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William Dixon Moniac 

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William Dixon Moniac
1754 - 12/1837
William Dixon Moniac was born about 1754 in an unknown place overseas in Netherlands and died on an unknown day in December 1837 in Pass Christian, Mississippi. He lived to be 83 years old.

he was "a Hollander" from The Netherlands. He married Polly Cobert.

Their children:
John
Sam
Mary "Polly"
Nahoga
Records
Newspaper7/9/1883 AL (Baldwin County) 46 yrs after death 
Alabama Historical Reporter, Vol A No 3, February 1884 – Published by Alabama Historical Society, Tuskaloosa, Ala
ADDENDA TO THE PAPER FURNISHED BY THE WRITER ON JUNE 28th, 1877. Among the names of prominent white men who mingled their blood with that of the Red man, is the name of Wm. Moniac (a Hollander) who came with a remnant of Natchez Indians to the Creek nation in 1759. He took a Tuskegee woman, Polly Colbert, for his wife, who was the mother of Sam Moniac, who married Weatherford's sister. He and Sam Moniac were men of fine sense and indomitable courage, strict integrity and enterprise, had considerable influence over the Indians, went with Gen. McGillivray to New York to see Washington, was presented by Washington with a medal which was buried with him at Pass Christian in 1837. He was the father of Maj. David Moniac, who was killed in the Florida war in 1836, and of whom Gen. Jessup said, that he was as brave and gallant a man as ever drew a sword or faced an enemy. He (David Moniac) was a nephew of Weatherford and David Tate, and a graduate of West Point. His descendants are highly respected citizens of Ala. and Miss. His wife was a cousin of Oceola the Florida Chief, who commanded the Florida Indians when Maj. Moniac was killed. Moniac had resigned his commission in the U S. A. many years before the Florida war of 1830, and entered the army as a private in a company from Claiborne, Ala., but soon rose to the rank of Major by Brevet, and was in command of 1000 Creeks and Choctaws when he was killed. His mother was Weatherford's sister, which would lead to the conclusion that Weatherford sprang from heroic stock, and his uncle, (Gen. McGillivray was said by Judge John A. Campbell to be a regular descendant of a noble Scotch family of a heroic clan in Scotland. I have been solicited to give a more extended account of the father of the Creek warrior Weatherford, and the family of the chief, than I did in a paper of June 28th, 1877. I will here attempt to do so. About the year 1750. two Englishmen by the name of Charles and John Weatherford, came to Georgia, from England. Charles, in 1870, or a short time thereafter, came to the Creek nation and cast his lot with the Creek Indians. He married the widow of Col. John Tate. She was the daughter of Laughlin McGillivray, and mother of David Tate. The fruits of this marriage was six children, named as follows : Elizabeth, William, John, Polly, Major and Rosanna. Major and Polly died in early life. John lived and died in Monroe county. He built the first house in the town of Claiborne, and died in 1831, in Monroe Co., Ala. Elizabeth married Samuel Moniac, who was the son of William Moniac, mentioned above. There were three children by this marriage, named as follows: David, Alexander, and Levita. David was the Major Moniac who was killed in the Florida war in 1836. The Grand-mother of Major David Moniac was the daughter of the Creek Chief William Colbert, from whom the Colbert Shoals, on the Tennessee river, took its name. Charles Weatherford was a government contractor in 1799 for the U. S. Government to furnish horses, blankets, etc., for the American Troops then in Geo. and Ala. Territory. I have seen his license for that purpose signed ,by President Adams. The warrior William Weatherford's first wife was Polly Moniac. daughter of William Moniac and Polly Colbert; by this marriage Weatherford had three children, named Charles, William, and Polly.Affer Polly's death he married his wife's cousin, named Sofoth-Kaney, daughter of John Moniac, said to be the most beautiful forest maiden of the tribe, noted for her musical voice, and powers of song ; could charm the stern red warrior, and make him forget for the moment the war-path and the chase, by the cadence of her voice ; whilst the wild bird stopped in its flight to drink in the sweet refrain. He had by this marriage but one child, a son, named William, his mother, Sofoth-Kaney, dying a few days after his birth, which event, it is said, cast a dark shadow athwart the path of the chief for all time to come. The boy grew to manhood, and, after the death of his father, departed from the home of his youth, and went beyond the ''Father of Waters," and has never been heard of since. After the death of Sofoth-Kaney, Weatherford married Mary Stiggings, by whom he had five children—Alexander, Washington, Major, John, and Levitia. The eldest son, Alexander, is the only one of the five children by this marriage now living; he is now in Texas—went there since the wTar. Major was killed; John died in boyhood; Levitia grew to womanhood, and married Dr. Howell,a highly respected citizen of Wilcox county, in this state. The doctor and This wife are both dead, leaving four children, who are in Texas. Weatherford's eldest son by his first wife (Polly Moniac) is still living at his father's former homestead, in Monroe Co., Ala. He is 79 years old and still possesses a great deal of vigor for one of his advanced age. He has ever been respected for his strict integrity generous nature, and manly character. A worthy son of a noble sire. From a conversation I had, a few years since, with the late Hon. Dr. Weatherford, of Colbert county, Ala., I was led to the conclusion that, Dr. Weatherford's grand-father was the brother of Charles Weatherford, the father of the warrior. He said his grand-father often spoke of having a brother who left him in Georgia and lived and died among the Creek Indians; and there is a very striking resemblance between Dr. Weatherford and John Weatherford, of Monroe Co., who is a nephew of the chief Weatherford. In closing the sketch of Weatherford, I will here relate an incident which occurred a short time before his death, which is illustrative of the poetic superstition of the untutored savage : A short time before the death of Weatherford, he was one of a party of hunters who were engaged in a deer and bear hunt on Lovet's Creek, in Monroe county, Ala. Whilst on this hunt a white deer was killed, which seemed to make a marked impression on Weatherford, who withdrew from the hunt and went home, remarking that some one of the party engaged in the hunt would soon be called to the hunting ground of the spirit land ; that the white deer was a "token." And the next day he was taken suddenly ill and died three days thereafter, and during his illness imagined that Sofoth-Kaney (his former wife) was standing by his bed waiting for him to go with her to the hunting grounds of the spirit land. If Weatherford had a weakness, or squaws heart, in matters of this kind, it should be overlooked, as his civilized and educated pale-faced brother of the present enlightened period, claims that he can with raps, and ,'mighty conjurations," call up the spirits of the dead at will. In regard to a portion of the Indians being devided as hostiles and friendly Indians, during the war of 1812, I will remark that Weatherford always charged that the “Big Warrior" used his influence to get as many Indians as he could to espouse the cause of the British and then deserted them, and became a "friendly Indian," through cowardice, and if he ever crossed his path, he iwould meet a traitor's death, Weatherford and Big Warrior never met after the war. One of the most implacable and bitter haters of white men was Davy Kurnells, who was the father of the great speaker of the Creek nation, Hopothlebolo. He (Kurnells) committed depredations for many years after the war of the Revolution in violation of treaties and promises of peace and friendship, and appeared to be implacable as fate in his hate for the Pale-face, and even one of his own race was not spared when he stood in his way of reeking vengence upon the Americans. But this man of blood met a murderer's fate. During the Agency of Col. Seagrove, Kurnells agreed to be at peace with the white man, and started to Cole Rain to see Seagrove about terms, etc. Seagrove inadvertently mentioned to some of the frontier men about the Agency that Kurnells was on his way to pay him a visit. A man by the name of Harrison, with others who had suffered by Kurnell's treachery, watched by the path, and shot him, bearing a white flag. Kurnells was known by the Indians as the Dog Warrior, or Efaw Tusfanugga. Alex. McGillivray's second wife was sister to Kurnells. The destruction of the beautiful and picturesque little French village in the fork of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers, was caused by McQueen, who was living in the nation during the French or Braddock war. McQueen was the friend of the French and used his influence to get as many Indians as possible to go and aid the French ; but after the French broke up the settlement of the Natchez Indians at Natchez, McQueen became their enemy, and caused the destruction of the French settlements on the Alabama river and in the fork of the Coosa and Tallapoosa. And from that period, French domination in Alabama and Mississippi Territories, and the entire South-west, rapidly declined. I may in some future paper give some account of other prominent actors who filled a large place in the public eye during the Territorial period of Alabama and Mississippi, and throw some light on the true cause of the Indian depredations; or, in other words, how the war commenced, or why it was that some of the Indians were hostiles, whilst others were friendly, etc., and give some account of the death of one man, who in wisdom and the management of Indians, aside from Gen. Alex. McGillivray, was without a peer in the nation. I allude to Billy, or Gen. MacIntosh, who was killed by the order of the celebrated chief Menocaway, who in after years said, that he would be willing to lay down his life if it would bring back to life Billy MacIntosh.
Respectfully,
J. D. Driesback.
Baldwin Co., Ala July 9th,1883.  

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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during William Moniac's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of William, his family, and friends. For example, William is 6 years old when The Cherokee War (1760-61) ends in a treaty that opens the Up County for settlement. The Bounty At of 1761 offers public land tax free for ten years, and settlers from other colonies begin pouring into the Carolina "Up Country".
AgeDateEvent
15 1769 The first steam engine is invented by Watt
23 1777 The concept of chemical compounds is conceived by Lavoisier
29 1783 The hot air balloon is invented by Michel and Montgolfier and the first people in modern history fly at an altitude of 1800 m.
31 1785 The power loom was invented by Cartwright to produce cloth.
39 1793 The cotton gin was invented by Whitney.
45 1799 The Rosetta Stone was discovered
46 1800 The first battery was invented by Volta
53 1807 The first steamboat was invented by Fulton
60 1814 The first locomotive engine was created by Stephenson
76 1830 The first railroad is constructed between Liverpool and Manchester, England
AgeDateEvent
21 1775 NEWS HEADLINES: On April 18th, Paul Revere makes his famous ride proclaiming "The British are Coming" and the American Revolution War begins. Britain hires 29,000 German mercenaries to handle conflict in North America.
22 1776 NEWS HEADLINES: July 4th, American Revolution War ends and the United States of America is officially created.
46 1800 NEWS HEADLINES: Seat of U.S. government moves from Philadelphia to Washington DC
57 1811 NEWS HEADLINES: Tecumseh's emerging Indian Confederacy is defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe in Ohio. Afterwards, Tecumseh and his brother travel from their Shawnee homes in the north to recruit and unify the southern Indians.
58 1812 NEWS HEADLINES: War of 1812 begins and will continue for until 1814. Some call it the Second War of Independence because the US fights Great Britain to a stalemate, Americas independence was assured.
74 1828 Gold is discovered in Georgia.
80 1834 July 9 - The S.S. John Randolph, the first successful iron steamship, is launched in Savannah
AgeDateEvent
6 1760 The Cherokee War (1760-61) ends in a treaty that opens the Up County for settlement. The Bounty At of 1761 offers public land tax free for ten years, and settlers from other colonies begin pouring into the Carolina "Up Country".
9 1763 Georgia Gazette begins publication. It is the first newspaper in Georgia and the eighth newspaper in the English colonies.
12 1766 Britain passes the Stamp Act taxing all colonial newspapers, advertisements, leases, licenses, pamphlets, and legal documents. Later the same year, Britain repeals the Stamp Act in Britain -- but it continues to be enforced on colonists in North America
19 1773 Angered by the tea tax of 1767 and the British East India Company's monopoly on tea trade, the independent New England colonial merchants dump the precious cargo overboard into the Boston harbor. This incident is called the Boston Tea Party.
20 1774 The First Continental Congress of fifty-five representatives (except from the colony of Georgia) meets in Philadelphia to discuss relations with Britain, the possibility of independence, and the hope of a peaceful solution. King George III scorns the thought of reconciliation and declares the colonies to be in a state of open rebellion.
21 1775 On April 18th, Paul Revere makes his famous ride proclaiming "The British are Coming" and the American Revolution War begins. Britain hires 29,000 German mercenaries to handle conflict in North America.
22 1776 July 4th, American Revolution War ends and the United States of America is officially created.
24 1778 Alliance between United States and France
33 1787 Constitution of the United States is signed
39 1793 Alexander McGillivray, the head of the Creek Indian Nation, dies. A restlessness begins to grow among the Indians in what is now Georgia, Alabama and Northern Florida as town chiefs via for the vacant leadership role.
40 1794 The United States establishes the Navy
44 1798 Mississippi Territory organized from Georgia's western land claims. It includes what will later become portions of Mississippi, Alabama and Northern Florida,
49 1803 Louisiana Purchase from France (who secured it from Spain) gives the US a huge new territory and the port of New Orleans.
50 1804 The Seminole warrior later known as Osceola is born near Tuskegee, AL.
51 1805 Federal Road project begins after the Creek Indians give the U.S. permission to develop a “horse path” through their nation that will provide better mail delivery between Washington City (DC) and New Orleans. Soon settlers are traveling and settling along this path to settle the southern frontier.
52 1806 Lewis and Clark Expedition, which began in 1804, ends. News of the rich lands to the west begins to spread.
57 1811 By 1811 the new "Federal Road" (which started as a horse path) is filled with a steady flow of white settlers into Creek Indian Territories. The Spanish begin to fan hostile sentiments among the Indians.
66 1820 The Act of April 24, 1820 abolished the land purchase credit system, fixed the price of public lands at $1.25 per acre, and set the minimum purchase at 80 acres. After a person purchased land, a final certificate was issued by the land office and sent to Washington DC to be verified and signed by the President -- a time consuming process. Public lands were most typically available through US treaties with Indians who agreed to be removed from their homelands.
76 1830 Indian Removal Act signed and the moving of eastern Indians west of the Mississippi begins.
81 1835 Second Seminole Indian War begins.
83 1837 The trickery used to capture Seminole Indian Chief Osceola (Assi Yohola) creates a public uproar and U.S. General Jesup is publicly condemned.
AgeDateEvent
2 1756 Seven Year's War begins
5 1759 Jesuits are forced out of France
9 1763 Seven Year's War ends; Peace is established in Paris between France, Spain, England and Portugal
10 1764 Britain passes the Sugar Act forbids American importation of foreign rum and taxing imported molasses, wine, silk, coffee, and a number of other luxury items.
13 1767 Jesuits are forced out of Spanish America
25 1779 Spain declares war on England
26 1780 Josef II abolishes serfdom in Hungary; England declares war on Holland
29 1783 Peace established at Versailles between France, England, Spain and United States; Britain cedes all lands west to the Mississippi River
33 1787 Catherine the Great leads Russia into war with Turkey
34 1788 Russia begins war with Sweden
35 1789 French feudal system is abolished with the Declaration of Rights of Man. Outbreak of hostilities in France with the fall of the Bastille on July 14; Revolution in Austrian Netherlands declares independence as Belgium
38 1792 French Revolutionary Wars begin and the French royal family is imprisoned the following year
39 1793 Marie Antoinette is executed; Fugitive Slave Act passed; Roman Catholic faith is banned in France; France declares war on Britain and Holland.
41 1795 White Terror and bread riots in Paris
42 1796 Napoleon marries Josephine de Beauharnais
43 1797 Napoleon proclaims the Venetian Constitution, founds Ligurian Republic in Genoa
79 1833 Santa Anna is elected President of Mexico


The Children of William Dixon Moniac

Nahoga Mahala Moniac
Born in Eufaula, Alabama about 1770 and died in Hickory Ground, Alabama about 1863. She was about 93 years old.

Research has produced two possible mothers for James B. Ward. Some say his mother was Elizabeth Nancy Knight. Others believe it was Nahoga (Mahala) Moniac, a Creek Indian. The name 'Mahala' origin...
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Samuel Takkes-Harjo Moniac / Manack
Born in Tuskegee, Alabama about 1781 and died somewhere in Mississippi on August 31, 1837. He was 56 years old.

He married in 1802 to Elizabeth Weatherford. she was the daughter of Sehoy III and Charles Weatherford, and the sister of William Weatherford " Red Eagle".

Sam's home was located in Pinchona...
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