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Genealogy for
Martha  Patterson 

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About Martha Patterson
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Martha Patterson
1790 - 1850
Martha Patterson was born about 1790 somewhere in Georgia and died about 1850 in Calhoun Co., Florida. Dates for birth and death are estimated. She lived to be about 60 years old.

Married William Peacock in Sparta, Hancock Co. GA and they had the following children:
  1. John Julius (12/13/1817-2/6/1877) married Matilda “Tildy” Caroline Stephens (8/10/1827-11/26/1910),
  2. John Jefferson (1820-1855) married Sarah Jane Parker,
  3. Solomon (1823-11/20/1860) married Sarah Jane Elefair,
  4. Almira (1827-abt.1880),
  5. Gideon B.(1830-abt.1860),
  6. William L.(1835-1862),
  7. Eliza (1837-abt.1840), and
  8. Pearson M. (1840-1894).
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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during Martha Patterson's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of Martha, her family, and friends. For example, Martha is 3 years old when Alexander McGillivray, the head of the Creek Indian Nation, dies. A restlessness begins to grow among the Indians in what is now Georgia, Alabama and Northern Florida as town chiefs via for the vacant leadership role.
AgeDateEvent
12 1802 Georgia formally cedes western claims for its southern boundary at the 31st parallel -- which will become the north western border of FL.
20 1810 Western Florida, from the Pearl River to the Mississippi, is annexed by the US from Spain.
23 1813 During 1813-14, over 2,000 Muskogee-speaking Creeks move to Florida in response to the Creek Civil War (also known as the Red-sticks War). Most come from AL and GA.
28 1818 First Seminole Indian War takes place when Andrew Jackson brings his troops into northern Florida.
31 1821 Spain formally cedes Florida to the United States in 1821, according to terms of the Adams-Onís Treaty. Spanish colonists as well as settlers from the newly formed United States begin to pour into the new territory. Prior to this change, Florida was a wilderness sparsely dotted with settlements of native Indians, escaped/freed slaves and Spaniards.
32 1822 Florida Territory is purchased
33 1823 The Treaty of Moultrie Creek pushes the Seminole Indian towns into the interior of the Florida peninsula.
34 1824 Tallahassee is established at the capital of Florida because it is half-way between the two government centers in St. Augustine and Pensacola. The Legislative Council meets in November in a log house erected in the vicinity of today's capitol.
45 1835 The Second Seminole Indian War keeps the United States and Seminoles Indians fighting in North & Central Florida.
47 1837 NEWS HEADLINES: In October, Chief Osceola of the Seminole Indians is captured when he arrives for supposed truce negotiations at Fort Payton. He is imprisoned at St. Augustine, FL where he refuses to eat and attempts to escape several times. In December he is moved to a prison in SC where he dies on January 20, 1838. At the time of his death, Osceola was the most famous American Indian.
52 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and some of the Seminole Indians living in FL are moved to the Indian Territory
52 1842 Congress passes the Armed Occupation Act of 1842. It entitles persons willing and able to bear arms against the Indians and establish themselves in villages along the borders of Indian territory ownership of their land after 5 years.
55 1845 Florida becomes the 27th state to join the United States. William Moseley becomes the first governor and David Yulee the first senator.
60 1850 Florida's total population has grown to 87,445. This includes about 39,000 slaves and 1,000 free blacks. Indians were not counted.
AgeDateEvent
3 1793 Hancock, Bryan, McIntosh, Montgomery, Oglethorpe and Warren Counties formed. This same year, the Fugitive Slave Act is passed.
4 1794 General Clarke surrenders ending the Oconee War.
5 1795 Governor Mathews signs the Second Yazoo Act selling somewhere between 35,000,000 and 50,000,000 acres of land for $500,000.
11 1801 Clarke and Tatnall Counties formed.
12 1802 Georgia formally cedes western claims for its southern boundary at the 31st parallel -- which will become a border between,GA, FL and AL. GA's western border reaches to the Mississippi River.
13 1803 Between 1803 and 1811 a horse trail is established connecting Milledgeville, Georgia to Fort Stoddert, American outpost north of Mobile. This is expanded into a road and called The Federal Road by 1811.
17 1807 December 10 - Jasper, Jones, Laurens, Morgan, Putnam, and Telfair Counties formed.
18 1808 Pulaski County created.
19 1809 Twiggs County formed.
21 1811 Tecumseh visits the Creek Indians living in what will become Georgia and Alabama to try to persuade them to join his fight against the flood of white settlers. Some towns join forces with Tecumseh and become known as "Red Sticks".
21 1811 Madison County created.
22 1812 Emanual County formed.
22 1812 The Creek tribes in southern Alabama and Georgia find themselves under increasing pressure from white settlers. Led by Chief Weatherford, they accepted an alliance with Tecumseh and are nicknamed "Red Sticks".
23 1813 During 1813-14, Muskogee-speaking Creeks leave GA and move into areas in Northern FL in response to the Creek Civil War (also known as the Red-sticks War).
27 1817 First Seminole war begins as Georgia backwoodsmen attack Indians just north of the Florida border. !817-1818. General Andrew Jackson invades the area.
29 1819 Rabun County formed.
30 1820 December 20 - Campbell and Randolph Counties formed.
31 1821 May 15 - Dooly, Fayette, Henry, Houston, Monroe and Newton Counties formed.
32 1822 December 9 - Bibb, Dekalb and Pike Counties formed.
33 1823 December 8 - Decatur County formed.
34 1824 December 15 - Upson and Ware Counties formed.
35 1825 Baker, Lowndes, Thomas, Butts and Taliaferro Counties formed.
36 1826 January 24 - Treaty of Washington abrogates Treaty of Indian Springs. The Creeks cede a smaller area and are allowed to remain on their lands until January 1, 1826.
37 1827 December 14, - Harris, Marion, Meriwether and Talbot.
40 1830 Cherokee, Heard, and Stewrt Counties are formed.
41 1831 Sumter County is formed.
42 1832 December 3 - Bartow, Cobb, Crawford, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Murray, Paulding, and Union Counties formed.
43 1833 Walker County is formed.
46 1836 Seminoles massacre Major Francis L. Dade and his 103 man command. This starts the second Seminole War. February - Battle of Hitchity. March 27 - Colonel J.W. Fannin and his Georgian's executed by order of Santa Ana at Goliad on Palm Sunday. July - Battle of Brushy Creek. July 3 - Battle of Chickasawachee Swamp. July 27 - Battle of Echowanochaway Creek.
47 1837 Mcon and Dade Counties are formed.
48 1838 Chattooga County formed
57 1847 Atlanta, Georgia is incorporated. Formally Marthasville
60 1850 Gordon and Clinch Counties are formed.
AgeDateEvent
3 1793 The cotton gin was invented by Whitney.
9 1799 The Rosetta Stone was discovered
10 1800 The first battery was invented by Volta
17 1807 The first steamboat was invented by Fulton
24 1814 The first locomotive engine was created by Stephenson
40 1830 The first railroad is constructed between Liverpool and Manchester, England
49 1839 Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber, opening the door for tires and other rubber products.
54 1844 The first telegraph message is sent by Morse, who later invents the Mores Code
AgeDateEvent
10 1800 NEWS HEADLINES: Seat of U.S. government moves from Philadelphia to Washington DC
21 1811 NEWS HEADLINES: Tecumseh's emerging Indian Confederacy is defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe in Ohio. Afterwards, Tecumseh and his brother travel from their Shawnee homes in the north to recruit and unify the southern Indians.
22 1812 NEWS HEADLINES: War of 1812 begins and will continue for until 1814. Some call it the Second War of Independence because the US fights Great Britain to a stalemate, Americas independence was assured.
38 1828 Gold is discovered in Georgia.
44 1834 July 9 - The S.S. John Randolph, the first successful iron steamship, is launched in Savannah
AgeDateEvent
3 1793 Alexander McGillivray, the head of the Creek Indian Nation, dies. A restlessness begins to grow among the Indians in what is now Georgia, Alabama and Northern Florida as town chiefs via for the vacant leadership role.
4 1794 The United States establishes the Navy
8 1798 Mississippi Territory organized from Georgia's western land claims. It includes what will later become portions of Mississippi, Alabama and Northern Florida,
13 1803 Louisiana Purchase from France (who secured it from Spain) gives the US a huge new territory and the port of New Orleans.
14 1804 The Seminole warrior later known as Osceola is born near Tuskegee, AL.
15 1805 Federal Road project begins after the Creek Indians give the U.S. permission to develop a “horse path” through their nation that will provide better mail delivery between Washington City (DC) and New Orleans. Soon settlers are traveling and settling along this path to settle the southern frontier.
16 1806 Lewis and Clark Expedition, which began in 1804, ends. News of the rich lands to the west begins to spread.
21 1811 By 1811 the new "Federal Road" (which started as a horse path) is filled with a steady flow of white settlers into Creek Indian Territories. The Spanish begin to fan hostile sentiments among the Indians.
30 1820 The Act of April 24, 1820 abolished the land purchase credit system, fixed the price of public lands at $1.25 per acre, and set the minimum purchase at 80 acres. After a person purchased land, a final certificate was issued by the land office and sent to Washington DC to be verified and signed by the President -- a time consuming process. Public lands were most typically available through US treaties with Indians who agreed to be removed from their homelands.
40 1830 Indian Removal Act signed and the moving of eastern Indians west of the Mississippi begins.
45 1835 Second Seminole Indian War begins.
47 1837 The trickery used to capture Seminole Indian Chief Osceola (Assi Yohola) creates a public uproar and U.S. General Jesup is publicly condemned.
50 1840 Oregon Trail is established
52 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and thousands of Seminole Indians are forced to move west of the Mississippi.
AgeDateEvent
2 1792 French Revolutionary Wars begin and the French royal family is imprisoned the following year
3 1793 Marie Antoinette is executed; Fugitive Slave Act passed; Roman Catholic faith is banned in France; France declares war on Britain and Holland.
5 1795 White Terror and bread riots in Paris
6 1796 Napoleon marries Josephine de Beauharnais
7 1797 Napoleon proclaims the Venetian Constitution, founds Ligurian Republic in Genoa
43 1833 Santa Anna is elected President of Mexico


Marriages
William Peacock
Born about 1795 and died about 1857.
They were married 11/17/1814.

Click for more information about William Peacock.


The Children of Martha Patterson

John Justis Peacock
Born in an unknown place on December 13, 1817 and died in Calhoun Co, Florida on February 6, 1877. He was 59 years old.

He married on Jan. 8th 1852 in Jackson Co FL to Matilda Caroline Stephens (8/10/1829 - 11/26/ 1910)

  1. Mary (1852 )
  2. Mary Magdalene (1854-1910)
  3. Jam...
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James Jefferson Peacock
Born in Hancock Co, Georgia about 1820 and died in Jackson Co., Florida on April 11, 1855. He was about 35 years old.

He is believed to be buried in the Ocheesee Cemetery in north Calhoun County, Florida.

Children:
William Green Peacock (born 1842)
James Kinson Peacock (born 1845)
Martha Frances P...
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